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June 22, 2012 / A

उपपद compounds

The past few weeks have been busy ones, but thankfully I have a bit more time these days. Yesterday I memorized another 30 rules of 3.2, bringing me a little more than halfway through the chapter.

Unfortunately, the material here is not particularly exciting; it discusses the various sorts of उपपद-समास, or “compounds with a subordinate word.” A clearer translation might be “compounds with a conditioning word,” since the first word (the उपपद) conditions the second and allows it to take certain suffixes. An example:

3.1.91 तत्रोपपदं सप्तमीस्थम्
In this section, उपपद words are stated in the locative.

3.2.38 प्रियवशे वदः खच्
With प्रिय or वश as उपपद words, वद् takes the suffix खच्

The first word is प्रियवश stated in the locative singular. By 3.1.91, these words are उपपद. I do not know which principle of the text allows us to know that प्रियवश consists of two words, but by my intuition they should be. वदः is in the ablative singular.

खच् is अ with indicatory ख् and च्. I think च् has to do with accent, but I’m not sure. ख, however, inserts a nasal at the end of the previous word. Thus we get प्रियंवद and वशंवद.

More on this chapter as I come to it.

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