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February 15, 2013 / A

End 3.4

Now book 3, which focused on Sanskrit verbs and primary suffixes, comes to a close. The book itself took a long time, but 3.4 went much faster than I thought it would. The remainder of the Ashtadhyayi breaks down as follows:

  1. तद्धित affixes
  2. तद्धित affixes
  3. ???
  4. ???
  5. ???

I don’t know the details of books 6 to 8, but I do know that they are the core of the grammar. Right now I have no interest in studying तद्धित affixes in such detail, which means that book 6 is where I’ll head next.

Via Flickr

The details of the material in the chapter were detailed in a previous post. Much of the chapter focuses on the affix णमुल्, and although I didn’t expect to enjoy this material, it turned out to be worthwhile overall. It’s yet another corner of the Sanskrit universe that I had never seen before. And each chapter of the Ashtadhyayi seems to have its own unique surprise.

Facts and tidbits

Number of rules

117, for a total of 1250.

Shortest rule

There are a variety of short rules in 3.4. But I like this one, which starts the section on verb endings:

3.3.18 लस्य
In place of any affix in the ल् group, …

Longest rule

3.3.99 तुमर्थे सेसेनसेअसेन्क्सेकसेनध्यैअध्यैन्कध्यैकध्यैन्शध्यैशध्यैन्तवैतवेङ्तवेनः
The affixes से, सेन्, असे, असेन्, कसे, कसेन्, अध्यै, अध्यैन्, कध्यै, कध्यैन्, शध्यै, शध्यैन्, तवै, तवेङ्, तवेन् are used after an affix in the sense of तुम्. (This rule defines endings for Vedic infinitives.)

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One Comment

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  1. vishvas / Mar 17 2013 4:53 pm

    अ अ॥ 🙂

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