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February 25, 2013 / A

Pause 6.1

With 63 rules remaining in 6.1, I have decided to stop memorizing the chapter for the time being. As I have mentioned before, the latter third of 6.1 and all of 6.2 focus on Sanskrit accent. But since accent is unmarked in written text, and since modern Sanskrit pronunciation does not use (pitch) accent, I don’t see much point in studying the accent system. After all, the only realm where Sanskrit accent manifests is Vedic Sanskrit, which I have not studied in enough detail to warrant such extended focus.

So now it’s onward to 6.3 and the remainder of the text.

Facts and tidbits

Number of rules

160 so far, for a total of 1410.

Shortest rule

6.1.10 श्लौ
A root reduplicates when followed by श्लु (which replaces शप् — this is the marker for class 3 verbs).

Longest rule

6.1.63 पद्दन्नोमास्हृन्निशसन्यूषन्दोषन्यकञ्छकनुदन्नासञ्छस्प्रभृतिषु
पद्, दत्, नस्, मास्, etc. optionally replace पाद, दन्त, नासिका, मास etc. when followed by the case affixes starting with शस् (case 2 plural).

The latter part of the Ashtadhyayi is rich with rules that operate at the phonetic level. For example, nearly all of vowel sandhi is included in 6.1. As I continue to read these rules, I gain greater insight into how the Ashtadhyayi was actually conceived, and I’ve finally been able to produce word derivations of my own.


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