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April 12, 2013 / A

End 6.3

“I hope to finish 6.3 within the week.” And what a long week it turned out to be. Life, as it does, tends to intrude on something so esoteric as memorizing grammatical literature. But there were also issues of motivation. In the traditional system a student would learn from a teacher and learn as well the values of diligent brahminhood, truth and dedication among them. But without such a force to guide me it can be hard to be motivated every day. Still, I finished the chapter. But where I would once have been proud to have finished a chapter on my own, now I’m just ready for the ones to come. At long last, so ends another.

As I continue to 6.4 and beyond, I get closer to the basic machinery and transformations that the Ashtadhyayi imposes on its suffixes and expressions. The latter part of 6.3 is about vowel lengthening and the different contexts in which it applies, and the subject is so important and difficult that it continues to the next chapter.

Facts and tidbits

Number of rules

139 so far, for a total of 1549.

Shortest rule

6.3.138 चौ
In front of the च् of चु, (the final अण् vowel of the item preceding becomes long, as in दधीचः, मधूचः.)

Longest rule

6.3.75 नभ्राण्नपान्नदेवानासत्यानमुचिनकुलनखनपुंसकनक्षत्रनक्रनाकेषु प्रकृत्या
The words नब्राट्, नपात्, नवेदा, नासत्या, नमुचि, नकुल, नख, नपुंसक, नक्षत्र नक्र, and नाक remain as-is when derived from नञ्. (That is, the नञ् term isn’t reduced or changed, as it is for नञ् + शोक -> अशोक.)

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